The representation of fortress in China presents an interesting comparison in terms of the connotation of mapping. In most cases, maps such as fig. 5 are post-representation of an already built city. However, the division of neighborhoods and micro districts precedes the drawing. Neither does the map portrait the scale of the building accurately, nor the proximity in between. Distances were manipulated to formulate imaginary, and more importantly, political groupings and invisible boundaries for the benefits of governing. Names were created and annotated within each district to further segregate the town from a whole to parts, despite the doctrinal, unifying intent.Construction should be understood as dependent on the nature in which it’s executed (Fig.6). The lengthy process of building a fortified town has significant impact on the labor that was involved, the nature it sculptured and the sociopolitical impacts it brings to the vicinity. To Vauban, fortification may be an art carried to perfection. And perfection takes time. What separates him from others was his making the most of local conditions; pure theory was rarely realized in its true form. Drawings such as Fig.6 are particular valuable as it describes the temporal aspect of fortification, showcasing a wide array of elements to be factored into the construction of a structure. Frameworks were being built in place of the foundation walls; transportation of materials were coming in from multiple directions suggesting multiple resources in the vicinity; imperial guards were employed and stationed at strategic locations in surveillance of the common folks arriving on site… all of which reminds one of the many relationships a military regime has with the economic, social, cultural infrastructure.