性交易是世界上最赚钱的犯罪之一，也是现代奴役的一种形式。在全世界范围内，包括性交易在内的人口贩卖是一个众所周知的国际问题，但大多数人认为它存在于贫穷国家或第三世界国家。在世界上最富裕的国家之外，人们如此关注这一问题，而美国对这一问题缺乏认识，这令人担忧，并提高了非法贸易者继续从事活动的能力。这篇论文将研究一些不断增长的关于性交易的统计数据，因为它与美国正在发生的事情有关。它还将设法查明那些最有可能成为这一罪行受害者的群体，以及贩运者在使这些群体受害时所使用的战术。还将研究一些理论，这些理论试图让人们了解为什么全球和当地的性交易受害者会成为受害者。最后，重要的是要了解执法部门在打击美国境内人口贩运时面临的问题。国际人口贩运犯罪在过去几十年里呈上升趋势，已成为仅次于全球非法毒品走私的第二大犯罪，2018年的总利润为1520亿美元(美国国务院，2018年)。在美国，大多数人认为这是第三世界的问题，不会影响这个世界上最繁荣的国家，但事实上，该国的性交易报告数量正在上升(Fedina, Williamson, Perdue， & Fedina, 2016)。人口贩运是一种现代形式的奴役，包括多种形式的盗窃他人的生命，包括强迫个人进行性活动和劳动以生存。美国国内的性交易贩子把重点放在国内的特定目标上，特别是来自破裂家庭或有家庭成员参与商业性交易的16岁以下女性。这些受害者被人口贩子的强迫、恐惧或强迫所困。全世界和美国的绝大多数人都认为奴隶制是过去的一种犯罪行为，因此，把年轻的人贩运到性行业，使之进出美国的情况越来越明显，这是一种日益严重的流行病。
Sex trafficking is one of the world’s most profitable crimes and is a form of modern-day slavery. Throughout the world, human trafficking including sex trafficking is a known international problem, but most believe it is contained in poorer nations or a third-world problem. With so much focus on this being a problem outside of the wealthiest nation in the world the lack of awareness in the United States is alarming and improves those in the illegal trade ability to continue in their actions. This paper will examine some of the growing statistics of sex trafficking, as it pertains to what is happening in the United States. It will also attempt to identify those groups that are at the greatest risk of becoming victims of this crime and the tactics used by traffickers when victimizing these groups. Theories that attempt to bring understanding behind why the global and local sex trafficking victims will also be examined. Finally, it is important to understand the issues that law enforcement face when trying to combat human trafficking within the United States. The international crime of human trafficking has been on the rise over the past few decades and has become second on the list only behind illicit drug smuggling worldwide with a total profit of $152 Billion in 2018 (U.S. State Department, 2018). In the United States, most view this as a third world problem that does not affect the world’s most prosperous country, but in reality, the number of sex trafficking reports in the country is on the rise (Fedina, Williamson, Perdue, & Fedina, 2016). Human trafficking is a modern-day form of slavery that includes several forms of theft of another’s life including forcing individuals to perform sex and labour to survive. Domestic sex trafficking dealers in the United States has placed emphasis on specific targets within the country, especially in females under the age of sixteen that come from broken homes or have family members that are involved with the commercial sex industry. These victims are trapped by coercion, fear, or force into performing horrible acts by human traffickers. With the vast majority of the population throughout the world and in the United States thinking of slavery being a crime of the past, trafficking of individuals at young ages into the sex industry out of and into the country continues to become apparent that it is a growing epidemic.